The preoccupation with large-scale decisive battle is deeply rooted in western military culture ever since World War II and any weak states were believed to cause an existential threat to the United States because they were a breeding ground and safe haven for terrorist organizations. Although this very fact has been disputed by research, the American state and media still continue to push this hegemonic message.
Africa is seen as a weak state so after 9/11, American aid more than tripled. Before 9/11, the United States had a minimal interest in Africa and their foreign aid was actually dropping consistently every year following the end of the Cold War to the point where it was well below any other contributing nation across the world. Even George W. Bush had no intention of infiltrating Africa when he entered office but after 9/11 they were instantly a threat to Americans and everything about their unstable nation was a threat to American security. Even though public opinion was dead set against foreign aid, the United States government proceeded to implement programs to militarize Africa under the façade that they were providing social aid.
The African Contingency of Training and Assistance program (ACOTA) existed prior to 9/11 but it was originally implemented to train African forces in nonlethal peacekeeping operations but 3 months after 9/11 it was modified to include training in lethal force capabilities. For other programs have been implemented since 9/11 which are all believed to enhance the effectiveness of law-enforcement and military forces in strategic regions on the continent through direct military–to–military engagement exercises. These organizations are the Combined Joint Task Force–Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA), the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Initiative (TSCTI), the East Africa Counterterrorism Initiative (EACTI), and the Maritime Security Initiative in the Gulf of Guinea.
Not only did the United States implement more programs, they also contributed a lot more in some areas and a lot less in others. In 2001 they contributed $0 to the Regional Defense Counterterrorism Fellowship Program, but by 2006 they had contributed $2.4 billion. Their foreign military financing went from $926 million in 2001 to $4.1 billion in 2006. They also increase their international military education and training fund from $7.3 billion in 2001 2 $9.9 billion in 2006. While they were increasing their African militarization budget, their Enhanced International Peacekeeping Contribution went from $36 million in 2001 to $0 in 2006. It is very evident the United States is not interested in providing Africa with peacekeeping assistance, they are there to militarize it.